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【深度解析】六大方面论述照明节能措施

本文以节能为出发点,通过对设计中光源、灯具选择、合理设计照明方案等方面的阐述,分析照明节能的措施和可行性方法,从而为以后的照明设计提供更多有效的技术参考。

  1、引言

  YOUSHUJUXIANSHI,WOGUOJIANZHUNENGHAOSHISHIJIESHANGTONGWEIDUGUOJIADE3BEI,ZHANQUANGUOYICINENGYUANXIAOHAOZONGLIANGDE27.8%;QICI,ZHAOMING、KONGDIAOJIQITADIANQISHEBEI,ZHANQUANGUOJIANZHUZONGNENGHAODE46%,WOGUOJIANZHUNENGHAOGAOYUFADAGUOJIAZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIJIANZHUWUBAOWENYUZHILENG、GONGREXITONGZHUANGKUANGCHA。

  SUIZHEFANGDICHANDEKUAISUFAZHAN,YUZHIPEITAODEZHAOMINGCHANPINDEXUQIULIANGYEZAIDAFUZENGZHANG。ZAIDIANNENGXIAOHAOSHANG,ZHAOMINGCHANPINCHENGWEIJIKONGDIAO、CAINUANDIANQIZHIHOUDEDIERNENGHAODAHU。ZHAOMINGNENGHAOZHANDAOZHENGGEJIANZHUDIANLIANGNENGHAODE25%~35%,ZHANQUANGUODIANLIZONGXIAOHAOLIANGDE13%。ERJIANZHUZHAOMINGZAISHIYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHULEDENGYUANZISHENXIAOHAODEDIANNENGZHIWAI,QIDENGJUYEHUICHANSHENGXIANGYINGDERELIANG,ZHEIBUFENRELIANGYOUSHIGOUCHENGJIANZHUDIYINENGHAODAHU“KONGDIAO、CAINUAN”DEZHUYAOREYUANZHIYI。YINCI,ZHAOMINGJIEDIANYICHENGWEIJIENENGDEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN。MUQIANDEZHAOMINGJIENENGQIANLIHENDA,YIBANJIENENGFANGANJUNNENGDADAOJIEYUE20%~35%,BAOSHOUAN20%DEJISUAN,QUANGUOJIEYUEDEDIANNENGJIAZHIKEGUAN,KEXIANGERZHIZAIGUOMINJINGJIZHONGQIDAOHENDADEZUOYONG。ZAIXIANGGUANSHOUCEZHONGYIJINGDUIZHAOMINGJIENENGJICHULEZHUNQUEDEDINGYI,TICHANGZHAOMINGJIENENG,BUDENGYUJIANGDIDUISHIJUEZUOYEDEYAOQIUHEJIANGDIZHAOMINGZHILIANG,ZHAOMINGJIENENGSHIZAIBAOZHENGZHAODUBIAOZHUNHEZHAOMINGZHILIANGDEQIANTIXIA,BAOZHENGBUJIANGDIGONGZUOCHANGSUODESHIJUEYAOQIU,LIQIUJIANSHAOZHAOMINGXITONGZHONGDENENGLIANGSUNSHI,ZUIYOUXIAODILIYONGDIANNENG。ZHAOMINGGUIFANZHONGTICHU,YIDANWEIZHAODUJIDANWEIMIANJISUOXUYONGDIANLIANG(W/m2.lx)ZUOWEIZHAOMINGJIENENGZHIBIAO,LIQIUTIGAOZHAODUERJIANGDIYONGDIANLIANG。YIXIADUIZHAOMINGJIENENGDUOGEJISHUFANGANJINXINGFENXI。

  2、科学的节能照明设计

  (1)HELIDEZHAOMINGXIANLU:ZHAOMINGXIANLUDESUNHAOYUEZHANSHURUDIANNENGDE4%,YINGXIANGZHAOMINGXIANLUSUNHAODEZHUYAOYINSUSHIGONGDIANFANGSHIHEDAOXIANJIEMIANJI。DADUOSHUZHAOMINGDIANYAWEI220V,ZHAOMINGXITONGKEYOUDANXIANGERXIAN、LIANGXIANGSANXIAN、SANXIANGSIXIANSANZHONGFANGSHIGONGDIAN。SANXIANGSIXIANSHIGONGDIANBIQITAGONGDIANFANGSHIXIANLUSUNHAOXIAODEDUO。YINCI,ZHAOMINGXITONGYINGJINKENENGCAIYONGSANXIANGSIXIANZHIGONGDIAN。

彩经网  (2)HESHIDEKAIGUANKONGZHIFANGSHIHECHONGFENLIYONGZIRANGUANG:ZIRANGUANGSHIMIANFEIDEGUANGYUAN,CHONGFENLIYONGZIRANGUANG,SHIZHAOMINGJIENENGDEZHONGYAOTUJINGZHIYI,YINCIJIUYAOHELIDESHEJIZHAOMINGKAIGUAN,BIRUCAIQUKAOCHUANGDEDENGJUDANDUKONGZHIDENGCUOSHI。CHONGFENLIYONGZIRANGUANG,ZHENGQUEXUANZEZIRANCAIGUANG,YENENGGAISHANGONGZUOHUANJING,SHIRENGANDAOSHUSHI,YOULIYUJIANKANG。CHONGFENLIYONGSHINEISHOUGUANGMIANDEFANSHEXING,YENENGYOUXIAODITIGAOGUANGDELIYONGLV,RUBAISEDEQIANGMIANDEFANSHEXISHUKEDA70%~80%,TONGYANGNENGQIDAOJIEDIANDEZUOYONG。

彩经网  (3)ZHAOMINGFANGSHIDEXUANZE:ZAIMANZUBIAOZHUNDUDETIAOJIANXIA,WEIJIEYUEDIANLI,YINGQIADANGDIXUANYONGYIBANZHAOMING、JUBUZHAOMINGHEHUNHEZHAOMINGSANZHONGFANGSHI。LIRUGONGCHANGGAODADEJIXIEJIAGONGCHEJIAN,ZHIYONGYIBANZHAOMINGDEFANGSHI,YONGHENDUODENGYEHENNANDADAOJINGXISHIJUEZUOYESUOYAOQIUDEZHAODUZHI,RUGUOMEIGECHECHUANGSHANGANZHUANGYIGEJUBUZHAOMINGGUANGYUAN,YONGDIANHENSHAOJIUKEYIDADAOHENGAODEZHAODU。

  (4)BUTONGZHAODUZHIDEXUANZE:XUANZEZHAODUSHIZHAOMINGSHEJIDEZHONGYAOWENTI。ZHAODUTAIDI,HUISUNHAIGONGZUORENYUANDESHILI,YINGXIANGCHANPINZHILIANGHESHENGCHANXIAOLV。BUHELIDEGAOZHAODUZEHUILANGFEIDIANLI。XUANZEZHAODUBIXUYUSUOJINXINGDESHIJUEGONGZUOXIANGSHIYING。SHEJIZHAOMINGKEANGUOJIABANBUDEZHAOMINGSHEJIBIAOZHUNLAIXUANZEZHAODU,HELIDEZHAODUZHIHEYOULIANGDEZHAOMINGZHILIANGXINGCHENGDEGUANGHUANJINGKEYITIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV、GAISHANSHIYONGZHEDEXINQING,YETIGAOLEWOMENSUOCHUKONGJIANDESHUSHIDU。

  3、对于光源、灯具、电器元件的选择

  ZAIJIANZHUXINGYE,WULUNSHIZHAOMINGXUQIU、FENWEIXUANRANDENGKONGJIANXIAOGUODEZHIZAOFANGMIAN,DOULIBUKAIZHAOMINGSHEBEI。YINCIGUANYUJIENENG,ZAIZHAOMINGCHANPINDEXUANZESHANG,YEBIANDEFEICHANGZHONGYAO。

  (1)CHANGYONGDEDIANGUANGYUANYOU:①REZHIFAGUANGDIANGUANGYUAN(RUBAICHIDENG、LUWUDENGDENG);②QITIFANGDIANFAGUANGDIANGUANGYUAN(RUYINGGUANGDENG、GONGDENG、NADENG、JINSHULUHUAWUDENGDENG);③GUTIFAGUANGDIANGUANGYUAN(RUHECHANGZHIFAGUANGQIJIANDENG)。ZAIZHEISANLEIDIANGUANGYUANZHONG,GEZHONGDIANGUANGYUANDEFAGUANGXIAOLVYOUJIAODACHABIE,REZHIFAGUANGDIANGUANGYUANRUBAICHIDENG,WUTIWENDUYUEGAO,TAFUSHECHUDENENGLIANGYUEDA。LIYONGREZHIFAGUANGYUANLIZHICHENGDEDIANGUANGYUANZHIZUOJIANDANHECHENGBENDI,DANSHIFAGUANGXIAOLVDI,QIYUDENENGLIANGZEYIREDEXINGSHIXIAOHAODIAO。ERQITIFANGDIANFAGUANGQIJIAN,RUYINGGUANGDENG(Florescent)、JINLUDENG(Halide)、GAOQIANGDUFANGDIANDENG(HID)DENGQITIFANGDIANFAGUANGQIJIANDEFAGUANGXIAOLVBIREFUSHEDIANGUANGYUANJIUYAOGAOHENDUO,TAMENDEFAGUANGXIAOLVWEIPUTONGBAICHIDENGDESHUSHIBEI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,KEYIZHUBUYONGFAGUANGXIAOLVGAODEQITIFANGDIANDIANGUANGYUANTIDAIREFUSHEDIANGUANGYUAN。YINGGUANGDENGBIBAICHIDENGJIEDIAN70%,SHIYONGYUZAIBANGONGSHI、SUSHEJIDINGPENGGAODUDIYU5mDECHEJIANDENGSHINEIZHAOMINGCHANGHEYINGYONG。JINCOUXINGYINGGUANGDENGFAGUANGXIAOLVBIPUTONGYINGGUANGDENGGAO5%,XIGUANXINGYINGGUANGDENGBIPUTONGYINGGUANGDENGJIEDIAN10%,YINCI,JINCOUXINGHEXIGUANXINGYINGGUANGDENGSHIDANGJIN“LVSEZHAOMINGGONGCHENG”SHISHIFANGANZHONGTUICHUDEGAOXIAOJIENENGDIANGUANGYUAN。

  (2)GAOYAGONGDENG、GAOYANADENGHEJINSHULUHUAWUDENGDENGDOUSHIQITIFANGDIANDENG,QIFUANTEXINGDOUSHIDIANLIUZENGDASHIDENGDIANYABUSHISHENGGAOERSHIXIAJIANG,BIXUCHUANLIANYIJUYOUZHENGDEFUANTEXINGDEYUANJIANLAIPINGHENGZHEIZHONGFUTEXING,JUYOUZHEIZHONGTEXINGDEYUANJIANCHENGWEIXIANLIUQIHUOZHENLIUQI。YOUZHIDIANGANZHENLIUQIJUBEIZUKANGWENDINGXINGHEFUANXINGHAO,GONGLVYINSHUGAO,GONGLVSUNHAODIDENGTEDIAN。ZHEIYANGCAINENGWENDINGDENGPAOGONGZUODIANLIU,YANZHANGDENGPAOSHIYONGSHOUMING。JIANGDIZHENLIUQIDEGONGLVSUNHAOYESHIJIENENGGONGZUOBURONGHUSHIDEYIGEFANGMIAN。RU250WNADENGZHENLIUQIZHILIANGHAODEGONGLVSUNHAOZHIYOU20W~25W,ERZHILIANGCHADEGONGLVSUNHAOKEDA40WZUOYOU。

  (3)DENGJUDEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIBAGUANGYUANDEGUANGTONGLIANGFENPEIDAOXUYAODEFANGXIANG,YITIGAOGUANGDELIYONGLVHEBIMIANXUANGUANG。YIBANXIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJUDOUCAIYONGGAOFANSHELVDECAILIAOHEXIANJINDEGONGYIZHIZUO,RUDIANHUAPAOGUANGDEGAOCHUNLVBAN;TOUGUANGXINGNENGHAODEFANGHUZHAO,RUTOUGUANGBOLIHUOYOUJIBOLI;ZAIJIUSHIMIFENGXINGNENGYAOHAO,NENGFANGSHUIFANGCHEN,JINKENENGDIJIANSHAOGUANGDESUNSHI。DENGJUDEXIAOLVSHIZHIQIDUIGUANGYUANGUANGTONGLIANGDELIYONGLV。RENHECAILIAOZHICHENGDEDENGJUDUIYUGUANGYUANFUSHEDEGUANGTONGLIANGZAIJINGGUOFANSHEHETOUSHESHI,QIXIAOLVZONGSHIXIAOYU1。JIASHETONGYIGONGLVDEGUANGYUAN,YIZHIPEIYONGXIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJU,QIGUANGTONGLIANGDE70%~80%DEDAOLIYONG,LINGYIZHIPEIYONGXIAOLVJIAODIDEDENGJU,GUANGTONGLIANGZHIYOU40%~50%DEDAOLIYONG。LIANGZHEBIJIAO,XIAOLVDIDEDENGJUQIGUANGYUANSUOXIAOHAODEGONGLVJIANGJIN30%BAIBAILANGFEILE,WEINENGFAHUIQIZUOYONG,ZHEI—DIANWANGWANGBEIHUSHI。YINCI,XUANZEDENGJUSHIYINGJINLIANGXUANZEPEIGUANGQUXIANHAO、XIAOLVJIAOGAODEDENGJU。MUQIAN,YIXIEDENGJUCHANGJIAYIJINGYANFASHENGCHANCHUFANSHELVKEYIDADAO95%DEDENGJU,ZAISHIJIZHAODUZHIJISUANSHI,XIANGDUIYUPUTONGDENGJU,JIANSHAOLEYIDINGDESHULIANG,JIJIEYUELECHENGBEN,YOUJIANGDILEZHAOMINGZONGYONGDIANLIANG。

彩经网  LINGWAI,DENGJUZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUKEBIMIANDISHOUDAOWURAN,RUFANGUANGQIDELVYANGHUA,FANGHUZHAOLIWAIJICHENSHENGGOUDENG,SHIBIZAOCHENGGUANGDESUNSHI,RUBUDINGQIWEIHUBAOYANG,ZEHESHANGSHUDAOLIXIANGTONG,GUANGYUANSUOXIAOHAODEGONGLVDABUFENJIULANGFEIDIAOLE。SUOYI,XUANZEDENGJUSHIYAOXUANZEMIFENGXINGNENGDADAOIP55YISHANGDEDENGJU,YIJIANSHAOWEIHUGONGZUOLIANG。

  4、照明节电的管理

  LIANGHAODEWEIHUGUANLIKEYIJIEYUEYONGDIANHEBAOHUSHILI,JIAQIANGZHAOMINGYONGDIANGUANLISHIZHAOMINGJIEDIANDEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN。ZHAOMINGJIEDIANGUANLIZHUYAOYIJIEDIANXUANCHUANJIAOYUHEJIANLISHISHIZHAOMINGJIEDIANZHIDUWEIZHU,SHIRENMENYANGCHENGSUISHOUGUANDENGDEXIGUAN;ANHUANZHUANGDIANBIAO,SHIXINGJIDUSHOUFEI;DUIJITISUSHEANZHUANGDIANLIDINGLIANGQI,XIANZHIYONGDIAN,ZHEIXIEDOUNENGYOUXIAODIJIANGDIZHAOMINGYONGDIANLIANG。DANGDENGPAOJIWUSHI,QIGUANGTONGLIANGKENENGJIANGDAOZHENGCHANGGUANGTONGLIANGDE50%YIXIA。DENGPAO、DENGJU、BOLI、QIANGBIBUQINGJIESHI,QIFANSHELVHETOUGUANGLVYEHUIDADAJIANGDI。WEILEBAOZHENGDENGDEFAGUANGXIAOGUO,YINGGENJUZHAOMINGHUANJINGDINGQIQINGJIEDENGPAO、DENGJUHEQIANGBI。DANGDENGYAOSHANDONGHUOYICHUXIANSHANDONGSHI,YAOJISHIGENGHUAN,YINWEIQITIFANGDIANYUANZAIQIDONGSHIHAODIANZUIGAO,BIPINGSHIYONGDIANDADEDUO,KEYOUXIAODEZUODAOJIENENG。

  5、城市照明节能

  CHENGSHIZHAOMINGJIEDIANJUEBUSHIKAOJIANGDIZHAOMINGBIAOZHUNLAISHIXIANDE,YINGZAIQUEBAOGEJIDAOLUFUHEXIANGYINGDEZHAOMINGBIAOZHUNDEQIANTIXIAJIANGJIENENG。YINCI,MEIYIXIANGDAOLUZHAOMINGSHEJISHIGONGSHI,WOMENYINGCHONGFENLIYONGGUANGNENG,SHIBEIZHAOMINGHUANJINGDADAOZHAOMINGBIAOZHUNYAOQIU。SHOUXIAN,QUEDINGDAOLUZHAOMINGDENGJI,ANZHAOZHUGANDAO、CIGANDAO、ZHUZHAIXIAOQUDENGBUTONGDEZHAOMINGCHANGSUOJINXINGHELISHEJI,YIBIANZUIDAXIANDUDILIYONGGUANGNENG。TONGCHANGKEZUOCHUJIZHONGFANGANJINXINGFENXIBIJIAO,CONGZHONGXUANQUJIJINGJIHELIYOUJIENENGDEFANGAN。YIDAOLUZHAOMINGLAIJIANG,YIBANCAIYONGJIAODADEANZHUANGGAODUYUJIANJUHEDAGONGLVDEGUANGYUAN,BICAIYONGJIAOXIAODEANZHUANGGAODUYUJIANJUHEXIAOGONGLVDEGUANGYUANGENGWEIJINGJIHELIHEJIENENG。

  6、总结

彩经网  ZHAOMINGJIENENGSHIYIXIANGZONGHEXINGDEGONGZUO,QIANSHEDEFANGMIANJIAODUO。ZAIWEICHIYINGYOUDEZHAOMINGSHUIPINGQIANTIXIA,SHIXIANJIENENGSHIWANQUANKEXINGDE,ZHAOMINGJIENENGDEQIANLISHIHENDADE,ZHIYOUJINGGUOBUDUANDETANSUO、SHIJIAN,CONGDACHUZHEYAN,XIAOCHUZHESHOU,CAINENGZHAODAOZHENZHENGDADAOZHAOMINGJIENENGXIAOGUODEFANGFA,SHIZHAOMINGCHENGBENDEYIJIANGDI,SHIYOUXIANDEDIANNENGFAHUIGENGDADEXIAOYI。